Property, Freedom, Responsibility, and Mutual Trust

Always, you ought to be: Principled, Prepared, and Patient. That is: strictly follow the moral principles; be always prepared (to take advantage of the opportunity to achieve your goals); be patient (time to realize your goals will come for sure).

Present position

Professor of Economics
Institute of Economic Sciences
Faculty of Law, Administration and Economics
University of Wroclaw, Poland.
ul. Uniwersytecka 22/26
50-145 Wroclaw, Poland

I am interested in:

• evolutionary approach to socio-economic development;
• evolutionary economics;
• liberalism and the Austrian Economics;
• innovation processes, entrepreneurship;
• history of economic thought;
• methodology and practice of computer simulation of socio-economic systems;
• general mechanisms of cultural development and biological evolution.

Wu-wei and Taoism

Wu may be translated as not have; Wei may be translated as do, act, serve as, govern. The literal meaning of Wu Wei is 'without action' and is often included in the paradox wei wu wei: 'action without action'. The aim of wu wei is to achieve a state of perfect equilibrium, to obtain an irresistible form of "soft and invisible power" over things. (see: Wikipedia) A key principle in realizing our oneness with the Tao is that of wu-wei, or "non-doing." Wu-wei refers to behavior that arises from a sense of oneself as connected to others and to one's environment. It is not motivated by a sense of separateness. It is action that is spontaneous and effortless. At the same time it is not to be considered inertia, laziness, or mere passivity. Rather, it is the experience of going with the grain or swimming with the current. Our contemporary expression, "going with the flow," is a direct expression of this fundamental Taoist principle (from: Ted Kardash,‘Taoism - The Wu-Wei Principle).

Declaration of Independence, 1776

"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness."

Bill of Rights 1689

* no royal interference with the law.
* no taxation by Royal Prerogative.
* no standing army may be maintained during a time of peace without the consent of parliament.
* the freedom of speech and debates or proceedings in Parliament.

Magna Carta 1215

"No freeman shall be taken, imprisoned, or in any other way destroyed, except by the lawful judgement of his peers."